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Alfalfa

• Alfalfa is a perennial forage legume which normally lives 2-6 years. Alfalfa is a small seeded crop, and has a slow-growing seedling, but several months of establishment, forms a tough ‘crown’ at the top of the root system. This crown contains many shoot buds that enables alfalfa to re-grow many times after being grazed or harvested. This plant exhibits autotoxicity, which means it is difficult for alfalfa seed to grow in existing stands of alfalfa. Therefore, it is recommended that alfalfa fields be rotated with other species (for example, corn or wheat) before reseeding.
• Alfalfa is widely grown throughout the world as forage for cattle, and is most often harvested as hay, but can also be made into silage, grazed, or fed as green chop. Alfalfa usually has the highest feeding value of all common hay crops. It is used less frequently as pasture. When grown on soils where it is well adapted, alfalfa is often the highest yielding forage plant, but its primary benefit is the combination of high yield and high quality. Its primary use is as feed for high producing dairy cows, because of its high protein content and highly digestible fiber and secondarily for beef cattle, horses, sheep, and goats.
• Alfalfa can be sown in spring or fall, and does best on well-drained soils with a neutral pH of 6.8-7.5. Alfalfa requires sustained levels of potassium and phosphorus to grow well. Soils low in fertility should be fertilized with manure or a chemical fertilizer, but correction of pH is particularly important. Usually a seeding rate of 18-25 lb/acre is recommended. A nurse crop is sometimes used, particularly for spring plantings, to reduce weed problems and soil erosion, but can lead to competition for light, water and nutrients.
• Harvesting - When alfalfa is to be used as hay, it is usually cut and baled. Loose haystacks are still used in some areas, but bales are easier for use in transportation, storage and feed. Ideally, the first cutting should be taken at bud stage, and the subsequent cuttings just as the field is beginning to flower, or one tenth bloom for the reason that carbohydrates are at their highest.

 

All-Star

An economical blend of alfalfas. All-Star uses a combination of proprietary alfalfas and common varieties to produce a strong three year alfalfa.

GA-330 LH Brand

The latest innovation in Potato Leafhopper Control.

GA-330 LH Brand Alfalfa offers you the latest genetic resistance to the Potato Leafhopper. This alfalfa will give you a better yield than other Potato Leafhopper resistance alfalfa’s even when leafhoppers are not a problem. The forage quality of GA-330 LH Brand is equal to some of the top varieties marketed today. GA-330 LH Brand has spring vigor and a great disease package.
Winter Hardiness………………………Very Hardy
Recovery…………………………………..Fast
Wisc. Disease Rating…………………30/30
Leaf to Stem Ratio…………………….Excellent
Fall Dormancy…………………………..3.7

Research indicates that insecticide application may still be necessary to obtain maximum yields when Potato Leafhopper populations exceed economic threshold levels.


GA-378 Wetland Brand

Great choice for poorly drained soils…

GA-378 Wetland Brand was selected for having a strong branch root characteristic. GA-378 Wetland Brand is a multi-foliate and offers a good quality hay. This variety will work best on wet soils and has a strong disease package. GA-378 Wetland Brand branch roots help keep the root system above the water level in wet areas.

GA-455 Stand fast

Get the extra cutting and great yield! GA-455 was selected for fast recovery and high yields. GA-455 offers the producer an opportunity to get that extra cutting. This variety gives you yield and persistence. GA-455 performs best under high management. Early spring growth allows for an earlier start in the production cycle. GA-455 is a multi-foliate with dark lush growth.
Winter Hardiness………………………Hardy
Recovery…………………………………..Extremely Fast
Wisc. Disease Rating…………………29/30
Leaf to Stem Ratio…………………….Excellent
Fall Dormancy…………………………..4

GA-535 All-Soils

A fall dormancy 5 variety with superior yield, multifoliate expression, forage quality, and winter hardiness.
A synthetic variety comprised of elite fall dormancy 5 plants selected for high forage yield, superior quality, and excellent winter hardiness. GA-535 is adapted all across the fall dormancy 3, 4, and 5 production zones. Fits the traditional 4 cut by mid-September harvest management, but will handle more aggressive cutting if the producer’s goal is yield and high forage quality. Medium early maturity to one-tenth flower. Fast recovery after harvest. No known soil type or management limitations.
Winter Hardiness………………………Hardy
Recovery…………………………………..Extremely Fast
Wisc. Disease Rating…………………30/30
Leaf to Stem Ratio…………………….Excellent
Fall Dormancy…………………………..5
Multifoliate Expression…………..3.5

Merit Gold II

Merit Gold Alfalfa has a wide area of adaptation and soil types. It is University proven to be high yielding. Rated #1 in outstanding persistence. Merit Gold has the ability to put out a fibrous root system when conditions are wet and ideal for heavy ground. It is very eye appealing with rich dark green foliage. The only variety listed in Wisconsin as superior winter survival. A great quality potential with high Leaf-to-Stem ratio. Has a disease package of 30/30 score. Rated for traffic tolerance.

Bacterial Wilt - HR             Verticillium Wilt - HR
Anthracnose - HR              Phytophthora - HR
Phoma Crown Rot - HR     Stem Nematode -R
Leafhopper Yellows - R    Fusarium Wilt - HR
Aphanomyces - HR            Pea Aphid - MR
Race 2 Aphono - R

MR - Med Resistance R – Resistance HR - High Resistance


Venus

Venus is an excellent 2-3 year pureline alfalfa with 85% multi-leaf expression, with respectable disease resistance. An excellent one for crop rotation, but yet moderately priced.
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